As millions of devices in the IoT churn out vast amounts of information, the next question is, what happens to it?Gartner's analysts have advisedorganisations building IT systems for the IoT to transfer data to multiple locations for processing, as single, centralised locations will not be technically and economically viable. With the amount of data being collected, it will be necessary for IT architects to be efficient in the way data is distributed.
Take a farmer working 1,000 acres of crops. The crops must be planted, , watered and picked. For maximum efficiency and to achieve a near-perfect crop, let’s imagine she divides her land into segments, and plugs sensors into the soil to monitor moisture levels, light intensity and ripeness of the produce, while actuators determine the delivery of fertiliser, water, pesticide and so on. (check the numerous stories on the Internet about ‘precision farming’ and ‘wireless crop sensing’.) The sensors could gather data on virtually every single plant, even a humble head of lettuce, while the actuators control its growth. Utilising the IoT enablers, such as sensors and actuators, will help the farmer determine accurate harvest dates, and to some degree, control the time to market. Now where would all this data go to be processed?